These infographics from the American site understood.org offer a window into what difficulties people can be diagnosed with. It is not intended to be a full list and there is a lot of crossover between different difficulties.
Executive Functioning Issues
Sensory Processing Issues
Information About Autism
What is autism?
Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that affects how people perceive the world and interact with others.
More than 1 in 100 people are on the autism spectrum, including an estimated 700,000 people in the UK.
Every person on the autism spectrum is different. It can present some serious challenges – but, with the right support and understanding, autistic people and their families can live full lives.
Although everyone is different, people on the autism spectrum may:
o be under or oversensitive to sounds, touch, tastes, smells, light or colours, which can make everyday life extremely difficult
o find social situations and change a challenge, sometimes leading to extreme levels of anxiety
o experience a ‘meltdown’ if overwhelmed by anxiety or sensory overload
o benefit from extra time to process and respond to communication.
Asperger syndrome is a form of autism. People with Asperger syndrome are often of average or above average intelligence. They have fewer problems with speech but may still have difficulties with understanding and processing language.autism.org.uk